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Forces on duty
NATO Response Force
About 200 Lithuanian Armed Forces troops from Air Force, Special Operations Forces and Land Forces is on duty in NATO Response Forces 2013 year shift (NRF-2013). Lithuanian Land Forces is represented by EOD platoon from Juozas Vitkus Enginner Battalion and Force Protection Company from Lithuanian Grand Duke Algirdas Mechanized Infantry Battalion, in total by approx. 140 soldiers.
Lithuanian Land Forces troops were not on duty in NATO Response Force (NRF) in 2012. Approximately 160 soldiers from other forces of Lithuanian Armed Forces, such as Air Force, Navy, Special Operations Forces, and Logistic Command were on duty in NRF-2012.
During 2011 Lithuanian Force Protection Company conducted a one year long duty in NATO Response Force (NRF-2011 shift). Company was composed of over 100 soldiers from Lithuanian Grand Duke Algirdas Mechanized infantry Battalion. In case of NRF-2011 activation, Lithuanian Force Protection Company was prepared to take a responsibility of NATO Joint Forces Command post security. The unit was also prepared for check point procedures, command convoy, logistic units escort, riot control operations.
The duty in NRF was organized by changing shifts every six months till the end of 2010, but in pursuance of NATO reform starting this year the shift will be changed on rotation basis every twelve months.
During the second half of 2010 the Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) platoon of Land Forces Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion conducted a six-month duty in the 15 rotation of the NATO Response Force (NRF-15). The platoon was ready to operate as a part of Polish EOD company.
During the first half-year of 2010, the trilateral Baltic Battalion (BALTBAT), manned by Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia troops has entered the 14 rotation of the NATO Response Force (NRF-14). The trilateral Baltic Battalion for duty in NRF-14 was established in September 2007, and was led by Lithuania.
BALTBAT conducted a half-year rotation in the land component of NRF-14 led by Denmark. Infantry brigade, combat and logistic support elements comprise the contingent. NRF-14 land component is multinational and includes personnel from Lithuania, Denmark, Bulgaria, Chezh Republic, Greece, Spain, Italy, the USA, the United Kingdom, Poland, Norway, the Netherlands, Romania and Hungary.
In 2002 the concept of NRF was first endorsed with a declaration of NATO's Heads of State at the Prague Summit. The NRF concept was approved in 2003, and the initial operational capability was reached in 2005. NRF is the first step towards a new NATO, capable to give effective response to all types of threats. NATO Reaction Force has integrated a fully interoperable land, air and sea components under the command of one headquarters. After passed decision to employ NRF it is available for rapid deployment as a collective defence. Within the full spectrum of NATO missions, the NRF is capable of performing all types of operations rating from high intensity combat operations, counter terrorism and crisis management operations to humanitarian assistance and evacuation operations. It does not mean that the NRF will be the only NATO operational force, they will deploy as an initial entry force capable to deploy to the region of operations within five to thirty days from the making the decision, and facilitating the arrival of larger follow-up forces.
European Union Battle Group
It is planned that Lithuanian troops will be on duty in Sweden-lead EU Nordic Battle Group in the first half of year 2015. According plans, there will not be any Lithuanian troops in EUBG in 2014.
Starting July 2013, Lithuanian company size unit from King Mindaugas motorised Infantry Battalion and some officers, attached to EUBG Operational and Joint Force HQs, will start six months duty in UK-lead EUBG 2/13. Lithuanian contingent will comprise about 120 troops. EUBG 2/13 will put together soldiers from Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Sweden, and UK.
Dedicated troops will continue their duty in their regular duty places and will additionally participate in EUBG combat training events during the period of duty. EUBG troops are intended to be deployed within 5-10 days and it must be sustainable for at least 30 days, which could be extended to 120 days.
Lithuanian Land Force troops were not on duty in European Union Battle Group in 2011 and 2012.
During the first half-year of 2010, Lithuanian troops conducted a six-month standby in the European Union rapid reaction battle group (EUBG). Troops were not activated during the duty period.
Lithuanian contingent contributed a motorized infantry company with support platoon, civil - military cooperation group, military police section, personnel, assigned to multinational staff and national support element - a total of 150 personnel have entered the EUBG. Poland, Latvia, Slovakia and Germany are other countries represented in this battle group as well.
EUBG conception was approved in 2004. Germany, the United Kingdom and France released the concept of the battle group. The initial ideas for the European Union rapid response battle group began at the European Council summit in Helsinki. In 2003 the conception of rapid response force was produced and it was approved in 2004.
Battle groups are high readiness multinational forces that can be rapidly deployed and sustained in a theatre of operations. Approximately 2 000 troops compose EUBG; these battle groups capable to deploy to any location beyond the borders of the EU at 6 thousand kilometers radius around Brussels.