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NATO Enhanced Forward Presence

NATO Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) in Lithuania

The most important of the security assurances that Lithuania was given at the NATO Summit in Warsaw in June 2016 was the collective Alliance's decision to establish an enhanced forward presence to the Baltic states and Poland from 2017. It was aimed to unambiguously demonstrate, as part of our overall posture, Allies' solidarity, determination, and ability to act by triggering an immediate Allied response to any aggression. NATO Heads of State and governments adopted the decision in response to the Russian aggression in Ukraine and the changed geopolitical situation.

 

 

Four multinational battlegroups in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland,  led by the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany and the United States respectively, are robust, multinational, and combat ready, demonstrating the strength of the transatlantic bond. Their presence make clear that an attack on one Ally will be considered an attack on the whole Alliance. These forces form part of the biggest reinforcement of NATO's collective defence in a generation.  

 

The NATO enhanced forward presence battalion in Lithuania is led by framework nation Germany. In the period of 2017-2018 the battlegroup will be manned by Germany and contributing nations: Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Croatia, and France, in total, roughly 1,200 soldiers.

 

At peacetime the NATO battalion will train together with Lithuanian forces, just like it will defend Lithuania alongside national forces and additionally deployed reinforcement in case of a crisis.

 

The eFP multinational battalion is based in Rukla. It is  assigned to and falls under command of the Mechanised Infantry Brigade Iron Wolf of the Lithuanian Armed Forces, and train alongside its soldiers in its military training cycle.

 

The NATO battalion in Lithuania is  comprised of a headquarters and a headquarters company, logistic support company, and three to four combat companies, and different combat support units. Reinforcement to the NATO forward presence battalion will be deployed when necessary, i.e. when exercises are held or in case of threat. Such a deployment is already planned for the summer of 2017  when an intense cycle of exercises will run: artillery, air defence, engineer, and other units, are planned to be sent in.

 

Photo credit: Ieva Budzekaitė

 

During different intervals of time tens of tanks and armoured tactical vehicles and several hundred of wheeled tactical vehicles will be deployed in Lithuania: Leopard 2 tanks, CV90, M113, Boxer, Fennek, armoured personnel carriers, etc.

 

The NATO battalion is under NATO command and control.  NATO Enhanced Forward Presence personnel  will rotate every six months.

 

 

 

 

Lithuania provides host nation support to the battalion. It is a unique and hard, in the positive sense, project because Lithuania has never hosted a combat group of such size before.

 

Military personnel of the NATO Enhanced Forward Presence are accomodated  in the Training Regiment barracks in Rukla. Their living and workspace containers, communications aerials, sports and leisure facilities are sited in a designated territory along with a medical facility which employ NATO battalions' military medics, and space for their containers.  Part of allied troops will live in renovated facilities, their logistical containers and vehicles will be located in areas installed for that purpose.

 

NATO fact sheet on eFP Battle Groups

 

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Updated on: 2017-06-08
Sprendimas: Fresh Media